Sleep apnea occurs when someone’s breathing is interrupted while sleeping; this is considered a critical sleep disorder.
+People who may not or cannot treat their sleep apnea, stop breathing repetitively during their sleep, more than hundreds of times. This causes insufficient supply of oxygen to the brain and other body parts, such might result in hypertension and other cardiovascular disease, memory problems, increase in weight, impotence and morning headaches. However, this has been found accountable for certain job deterioration and motor vehicle hazards.
According to the National Institutes of Health, sleep apnea widely affects over twelve million Americans, therefore it is considered as common as adult diabetes. Due to lack of public awareness as well as the healthcare experts, a greater number of victims are quite untreated because they are undiagnosed, despite the fact that this serious disorder can have consequences that are significant. Some fail to report to their sleep apnea dentist even when they must have noticed that they have sleep apnea
Fortunately, Sleep apnea often can be diagnosed and treated. Doctors generally can detect the condition during the consultation.
Due to sleep apnea occurs while people sleep, people don’t know that they have such. The person to notice the symptoms of sleep apnea will be the family member or bed partner sleeping next to the victim. There two common types of sleep apnea which are Obstructive sleep apnea and Central Sleep apnea.
+Obstructive sleep apnea OSA: This is the most common type of sleep apnea which occurs as a result of blockage of airways, usually when the soft tissue in the rear of the throat collapses and closes during sleep. This may lead to pause breathing (shallow breathing). People whom mostly suffer from obstructive sleep apnea are those that are obese and overweight but possibly affect anyone. In this condition, as the victim try to breathe, any air that gets to pass through the blockage can cause noisy snoring. For instance, younger kids may have obstructive sleep apnea if they have enlarged tonsil tissues in their throats.
Central sleep apnea CSA: CSA is quite dissimilar to OSA because in this condition there isn’t the blockage of the airway. CSA occurs when the brain doesn’t transmit signals to the muscles to allow the proper flow of air. Usually, it is associated with the decrease in blood oxygen saturation.
The signs and symptoms of obstructive and central sleep apneas don’t look so unique, often its difficult to detect the type of sleep apnea that affects a patient. You need to contact sleep apnea dentist if you notice any of the most common signs and symptoms of obstructive and central sleep apneas listed below:
- -Noisy snoring, which is usually more prominent in obstructive sleep apnea
- -Episodes of breathing cessation during sleep witnessed by another person
- -Abrupt awakenings accompanied by shortness of breath, which more likely indicates central sleep apnea
- -Awakening with a dry mouth or a sore throat
- -A morning headache
- -Difficulty staying asleep (insomnia)
- -Excessive daytime sleepiness (hypersomnia)
- -Attention problems
Anyone, you matter the age is the can be affected by sleep. Below are the risk factors for sleep apnea, they are as follows:
- -The gender that is being a male
- -Having overweight
- -Having a large neck size (17 inches or more in male and 16 inches or more in female)
- -When you have a large tongue, large tonsils or a small jaw bone
- -Genetics that is when you have a family history of sleep apnea
- -Reflux and Gastroesophageal
- -Nasal obstruction due to a deviated septum,
- -allergies, or sinus problems.
Complications of Sleep Apnea:
The standard of one’s living can be significantly affected if sleep apnea is left without treatment. Inadequate sleep at night directly reduces productivity during the daylight, including your interaction with other people. It plays a significant impact on your driving ability and makes you legally obligated to inform the authority. Excluding daily life perturbations, also it can result in some certain unfavorable conditions like:
- Developing hypertension (high blood pressure).
- Atrial fibrillation (irregular heartbeat).
- Increased risk of stroke and heart attack =
- Type 2 diabetes may be developed.
Diagnosis of Sleep Apnea:
Observation is commonly the best option when it comes to diagnosing a patient that has sleep apnea. Recurring of breath interval four times or more during sleep in one hour is the primary condition. Mild OSA varies from 6 to 14 events per hour; moderate OSA varies between 14-29 events per hour, an enhanced OSA ranges over 30 events per hour.
Oximetry is carried out in some unusual cases. To monitor someone’s oxygen saturation, a noninvasive method is adopted. It is usually carried out in home surroundings. Polysomnography also knew as sleep study but it is a less reliable method. Sleep apnea is measured with the equipment to measure listed below:
- To record brain wave activity EEG (electroencephalogram) is used.
- ECG (electrocardiogram) is used to determine heart rate.
- Muscle activity is recorded with EMG (electromyogram).
- Snore microphone will help in recording the snoring activity.
- To monitor airflow, a nasal airflow sensor will be needed.
- To examine eye movement EOG (electrooculogram) is used.
When to see a sleep apnea dentist
- It is relevant to set an appointment with a healthcare expert if you experience, or if the person sleeping next to you notices, the following:
- Disturbing the sleep of others or yourself due to noisy snoring.
- When you awaken from sleep due to shortness of breath, choking or gasping for air.
- When you experience pauses recurring at periodic intervals in your breathing during sleep.
- Excessive sleepiness during the day, which causes you to feel fatigue and be less active as you drive, works or watch television.
A lot of people don’t take snoring as something serious potentially, and its only less number of people in the world has sleep apnea snores. Whenever you experience noisy snoring be sure to consult your sleep apnea dentist, most notably when the snoring occurs with invasive periods of silence.
Moreover, you can make emphasis deliberately on any sleep problem with your doctor that causes you to be chronically weak, sleepy and irritable. Other disorders such as narcolepsy may be caused by excessive daylight hypersomnia.